You have most likely experienced dry skin one time or another. And as a esthetician, you may encounter dry skin more frequently than not. But, skin may not just be dry; it may be dehydrated. Once you can differentiate between the two, causes can be uncovered to better help your client.
So how do we tell if skin is dry?
Skin that is dry may appear tight, dull or show signs of premature aging. Dry skin is actually a genetic condition; someone is predisposed to inadequate oil production. This leads to chronic dryness. Dry skin may also occur because of aging. Oil production decreases as we age. Oil has always been thought of as a bad thing, but skin needs this oil-film to properly protect and hydrate the skin.
There are potential risks that can make dry skin even worse. Use of harsh chemicals, washes, or products that strip the skin of the essential oils it needs to be healthy, powdery makeup that absorbs oil, and even certain medications can make dry skin worse.
What does dehydrated skin look like?
Dehydrated skin can be a bigger problem. It is an issue directly related to the water content of the skin. There can be a dehydration of the upper layer of skin (epidermal dehydration), or the lower layer of skin (dermal dehydration) or even both. You can tell if skin is dehydrated by these telltale signs: small lines that form when the skin is manipulated, scales, deeper wrinkles, and sagging skin. This condition may need a dermatologist or a doctor in order to correct.
Be sure to advise clients to keep skin healthy. Encourage plenty of water consumption, vitamins, and oils that may be beneficial to help build the integrity of skin.